India is the largest democracy in the world and law is the basic part of our constitution. The
law education in India is the only legal education in India. The student who passes this
degree will be designated as a “Lawyer” which grants them entry to the court activities and
practices. The law education in India is offered by various universities and in various
academic levels. The Bar Council of India (BCI) is the regulatory body of the Law Education
In 1895, the “Law Commission of India” has decided to establish a University for Law Education to set an academic standard to the legal profession in India. Thus, the first law University was established in Bangalore named as “National Law School of India University”, popularly known as NLS. Then the fist LLB degree was started in India.
Law Courses in India
Law is one of the career-oriented courses after 12th in India. The students can pursue the legal degree after completing graduation in any discipline as well. Following are the degrees of legal education in India.
Bachelor of Laws (LLB)
LLB is the most common degree in law education available in India, with a duration of 3 years.
Integrated Undergraduate Degree (BA.LLB, BSc. LLB, BBA LLB, B.Com LLB)
Students who wish to do an undergraduate degree with the law education can opt for any of the 5-year integrated programs after the completion of 10+2 qualifying examination.
Master of Laws (LL.M)
LLM is the master degree in legal education having a duration of one or two years.
Master of Business Law
The MBL is the master degree in legal education specialising on business law with a duration of 1/2 years.
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
A post-graduation in legal education always awards you with career advancement. Most of the reputed autonomous institutions in India provide PhD programmes.
Students who wish to get into any law school have to appear in the Common Law Admission
Test (CLAT). The entrance exam is conducted for the admission to the national universities
and other institutions. Upon appearing for CLAT, students are admitted in Integrated LLB
and LLM courses. Students from any integrated stream can opt for law course whether it’s
science, commerce or arts in 12th.
After the course, the Bar Council of India provides the students with “Certificate of Practice” after completing LLB to practice in the law profession. To receive the certificate, the students are required to qualify the All India Bar Examination (AIBE).
While CLAT is the national entrance test, several other private and autonomous universities conduct their own admission test.
Top Law Institutions/Universities in India
- The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata
- National Law University, Jodhpur, Jodhpur
- Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar
- Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala
- Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia National Law University, Lucknow
- Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur
- National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi
- Chanakya National Law University, Patna
- National Law University Odisha
- National Law University, Delhi, New Delhi
- Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University, Visakhapatnam
- National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi
- National Law School and Judicial Academy, Assam, Guwahati
- Tamil Nadu National Law School, Srirangam
- Maharashtra National Law School, Nagpur
Besides the regular courses, several universities and institutions offer online law courses for working professionals in India.
Law is a very reputed job to choose as a career. The job requires hard work and sincerity tot
the most. As a fresher, one has to work under a law firm or a reputed lawyer for the initial
starting of his/her career.
As per the survey done by the Bar Council of India, there is a high demand for skilled lawyers, but only 20% of the Indian law students are eligible to work in court.
A law student can become a public prosecutor, solicit general or a part of private legal firms after gaining adequate experience. With the experience, law students can appear the exam conducted by the Public Services Commissions to get the position of a Judge in the court. Apart from this, a good lawyer with enough experience can work in ministry, various government departments and other legal advice organisations. Also, as the law of India is similar to the law of the UK, the firms in UK government offer Indian students to work with them as a legal concern as well.
In order to the designation, you can be the one out of the following:
- Criminal Lawyer
- Civil Litigation Lawyer
- Legal Analyst
- Document Drafting Lawyer
- Legal Journalist
- Legal Advisor
- Government Lawyer